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No matter what life´s big adventure is - it´s easier to enjoy without glasses. No matter what life´s big adventure is - it´s easier to enjoy without glasses.

All about LASIK treatmentGlossary of termsThe Laser procedureSide effects / possible complicationsOn the day of surgery and 24 hours afterPost operative care

 

Glossary of Terms

 

Photo: Photo means light and includes the whole electromagnetic spectrum. The Excimer laser is Ultraviolet and the Femtosesond laser Infrared

 

Refractive: As light meets a more dense medium it slows and bends. Curved surfaces bend the light to a point of focus, the shape of the surface or curvature determines the point of focus.

 

Keratectomy/Keratomileusis: Kera = cornea, ectomy = to remove, mileusis = to dissolve, ie corneal tissue is removed/dissolved precisely by the laser.

 

Myopia: Light is refracted to focus in front of the retina, distant objects are blurred,  but near objects in focus hence near sightedness

 

Hyperopia: Light is focused behind the retina, younger persons can still focus distant objects clearly hence far sighted.

 

Astigmatism: The focusing surfaces have different curvatures in opposite meridians and hence different focal points (think of the side of a rugby ball)

 

Accommodation: The ciliary muscle in the eye acts on the lens to change its shape and focus from to and from distance to near.

 

Presbyopia: With age the lens hardens, it can no longer change shape and focus. Typically reading glasses are needed from late 40’s

 

Cataract: Clouding and milkiness of the lens with age causing loss of vision corrected by surgery

 

Intraocular Lens (IOL): when the cataract or lens is removed the focus is restored by inserting a new artificial lens in the eye.

 

Keratoconus: The cornea is weakened and stretches centrally going out of shape and focus (keratoconus is usually a contraindication to Laser Refractive surgery)

 

Cross-Linking:  Treatment of the cornea with a combination of Vit A and UV light to strengthen the cornea, typically used in keratoconus in conjunction with Keratarings +/- PRK

 

 


 

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